Here to Stay?

Identity, citizenship and belonging
among settled Eastern European migrant
children and young people in the UK
Our impact

New research paper on project findings now available:

Tyrell, N.; Sime, D.; Kelly, C.; McMellon, C.  (2018) Belonging in Brexit Britain: Central and Eastern European 1.5 Generation Young People’s experiences, Population, Space and Place, Available online: DOI: 10.1002/psp.2205

Policy initiatives and Briefings featuring our research

RSE’s Young Academy of Scotland reports  on ‘Brexit: The Impact for Scotland'(2017) and the Health and Well-being Edition (2018):

The research mentioned in the Scottish Affairs Committee Inquiry on ‘Immigration and Scotland’

We gave evidence on the research to the Equalities and Human Rights Committee in the Scottish Parliament on the issue of prejudice-based bullying in schools (June 2018)- watch here the session (from minute 10:03):

Policy Briefings (all available on our Home page)

Moskal, M. et al. (2018) Eastern European Youth Identities in Uncertain Times, Durham: University of Durham.

Kelly, C. et al. (2018) Eastern European Young People’s Use of Services in the UK, Plymouth: University of Plymouth.

McMellon, C. et al. (2018) Eastern European Young People’s Political and Community Engagement in the UK, Glasgow: University of Strathclyde.

Tyrrell, N. et al. (2018) Eastern European Young People’s Feelings of Belonging: Any place in Brexit Britain?, Plymouth: University of Plymouth.

Sime, D. et al. (2017) Eastern European Young People in Brexit Britain, Glasgow: University of Strathclyde.

Previous research

Some of the findings from the research we have conducted before with Eastern European migrant young people and their families are available in the publications listed below. If you would like to talk to us about any of these materials or would like us to come and talk about the research in your organisation, school or group, please get in touch.


Sime, D. (2016) Migrant children and young people’s ‘voice’ in healthcare, in Thomas, F. (Ed.) Handbook of Migration and Health, Edward Elgar Publishing.

Arshad, R. and Moskal, M. (2016) Race Equality and Scottish School Education: Ensuring today’s young people are tomorrow’s confident citizens, IAA Briefing, Edinburgh-Glasgow.

Forbes, J. and Sime, D. (2016) Relations between child poverty and new migrant child status, academic attainment and social participation : insights using social capital theory, Education Sciences, 6(3), 1-15.

Moskal, M. (2016) Language and cultural capital in school experience of Polish children in Scotland. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 19(1): 141-160.

Moskal, M. (2016) Spaces of Not Belonging: Inclusive Nationalism and Education in Scotland, Scottish Geographical Journal 132 (1): 85-102.

Moskal, M. and Tyrrell, N. (2016) Family Migration Decision-Making, Step-Migration and Separation: Children’s Experiences in European Migrant Worker Family, Children’s Geographies, 14(4), 453-467.

Moskal, M. and Sime, D. (2016) Migrant children’s spaces of education and language acquisitionCentral and Eastern European Migration Review,  5(1), 35-48.

Sime, D.; Fassetta, G.; McClung, M. (2016) ‘For us, it’s good enough that children are accepted’: Roma mothers’ views of their children’s education post-migration, British Journal of Sociology of Education.

White, A., Tyrrell, N., Carpena Mendez, F. & Ni Laoire, C. (2016) ‘Migrant Children, Global Consumer Culture and Multiple Belongings: Children’s Experiences of Migrating to Ireland’, in C. Ni Laoire, A. White & T. Skelton (eds) Movement, Mobilities and Journeys (Vol 6) Geographies of Children and Young People, Singapore: Springer.


Moskal, M. (2015) ‘When I think home I think family here and there’: Translocal and social ideas of home in narratives of migrant children and young people, Geoforum, 58, 143-152.

Sime, D. (2015) Migrant children in cities: The spatial constructions of their everyday lives, in C. Ni Laoire, A. White & T. Skelton  (eds.), Movement, Mobilities and Journeys (Vol 6), Geographies of Children and Young People, Singapore: Springer.

Sime, D. (2015) Methodological aspects of conducting research with Eastern European children and young people, in Skelton, T. ; Holt, L. and Evans, R. (ed.) Geographies of Children and Young People (vol. 2), Methodological Approaches, Singapore: Springer.

Sime, D.; Pietka, E. (2015) Transnational intergenerationalities: Cultural learning in Polish migrant families and its implications for children’s inclusion, Language & Intercultural Communication, 15 (2), 208-223.

Tyrrell, N. & Kallis, G. (2015) Children in Transnational Migration, in C. Ni Laoire, A. White & T. Skelton (eds) Movement, Mobilities and Journeys (Vol 6), Geographies of Children and Young People, Singapore: Springer.


Moskal, M. (2014) Polish migrant youth in Scottish schools: conflicted identity and family capital, Journal of Youth Studies, 17 (2), 279-291.

Sime, D. (2014) ‘I think that Polish doctors are better’: Experiences with and views of health services in Scotland among newly arrived migrant children and their parents, Health & Place, vol. 30, pages 86-93.

Sime, D. and Fox, R. (2014) Migrant children, social capital and access to public services: Transitions, negotiations and complex agencies, Children & Society, 29 (6), 524-534.

Sime, D. and Fox, R. (2014) Eastern European children’s family and peer relationships after migration, Childhood, 22 (3), 377-393.

Sime, D.; Fassetta, G.; McClung, M. (2014) Roma families’ engagement with education and other services in Glasgow, Glasgow: University of Strathclyde.


Moskal, M. (2013) Circulating capitals between Poland and Scotland: a transnational perspective on European labour mobility, Journal of International Migration and Integration, 14 (2), 363-379.

Moskal, M. (2013) Transnational social networks, human capital and economic resources of Polish immigrants in Scotland. In: Glorius, B. , Grabowska-Lusinska, I. and Kuvik, A. (eds.) Mobility in Transition: Migration patterns after the EU Enlargement, Series: IMISCOE Research. Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam, pp. 155-168.

Tyrrell, N. (2013) ”Of course, I’m not Irish’: young people in migrant worker families in Ireland and their plans for the future’ in C. Crowley & D. Linehan (Eds) Spacing Ireland, Manchester University Press.

White, A., Carpena-Mendez, J., Ni Laoire, C. & Tyrrell, N. (2013)  ‘Children’s Words, Children’s Worlds: exploring the experiences of migrant children in Ireland’ in M. Gilmartin & A. White (eds.) Ireland in a Global World: Migrations, Manchester University Press.


Tyrrell, N., White, A., Ní Laoire, C., Carpena-Mendez, F. (eds) (2012) Transnational Migration and Childhood. London, New York: Routledge Taylor Francis.

White, A., Bushin, N., Carpena-Mendez, F. & Ni Laoire C. (2012) Using Visual Methodologies to Explore Contemporary Irish Childhoods, in J. Hughes (Ed) Sage Visual Methods (Vol. 4), Sage Publications.


Darmody, M., Tyrrell, N., & Song, S. (eds) (2011) The Changing Faces of Ireland: Exploring the Lives of Immigrant and Ethnic Minority Children. Rotterdam: Sense.

Ní Laoire, C., Carpena-Mendez, F., Tyrrell, N. & White, A. (2011) Childhood and Migration in Europe: Portraits of Mobility, Identity and Belonging in Contemporary Ireland. Farnham: Ashgate Press, Studies in Migration and Diaspora Series.


Moskal, M. (2010) Visual methods in researching migrant children’s experiences of belonging, Migration Letters, 7 (1), 17-32.

Moskal, M. (2010) Polish migrant children’s experiences of schooling and home-school relations in Scotland, CES Briefings 54, Centre for Educational Sociology, University of Edinburgh.

Moskal, M., Ozga, J. Shapira, M. (2010) The Schooling of Migrant Pupils in Europe: some policy lessons, CES Working Paper, Centre for Educational Sociology, University of Edinburgh.

White, A., Bushin, N., Carpena-Méndez, F. & Laoire, C. N. (2010) ‘Using visual methodologies to explore contemporary Irish childhoods’, Qualitative Research, 10 (2). pp 143-158.